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Quiz: How much do you know about the coronavirus?
question 1. What can you do to prevent infection spread?
- wash your hands and do not shake hands
- do not order products from “contaminated” countries
- in case of coughing and/or sneezing, contact a doctor immediately
Right answer question 1: A
Explanation: One of the most important things you can do to prevent infection spread is to wash your hands regularly. Just washing your hands after a toilet visit or before eating is probably not enough in this case. It is also better to avoid physical contact, such as shaking hands, to reduce the risk of infection. Giving an elbow is a good alternative as long as you are wearing an item of clothing that is covering the elbow.
Also try to prevent touching door handles and shopping carts with your hands as much as you can, and clean your hands as soon as possible afterwards.
Although relatively little is known about the virus, it is likely that it cannot survive long without humans. This means that the virus is likely to die on a package.
People get a cold quickly, especially during the winter months. If anyone who coughs or sneezes immediately contacts a doctor, it is probably too busy and less attention can be paid to people who are really infected.
question 2. What is the best way to clean your hands?
- hand sanitizer gel
- liquid soap
- a soap bar
Right answer question 2: B
Explanation: Water and liquid soap are more effective than hand sanitizer gel. It is wise to use a gel or spray if soap is not within reach. Bacteria can remain on a soap block.
question 3. Which statement is true?
- It is better to touch your face as little as possible.
- Healthy people can’t be infected by the coronavirus
- It is better to wipe your hands on a towel than on paper tissues.
Right answer question 3: A
Explanation: People often touch their face without realising it. The virus can enter the body through the mouth, nose and eyes via the hands.
If you are healthy it is still possible to be infected with the virus, but there is a large change you will get less sick.
It’s best to wipe your hands with paper tissues. Discard them immediately after use.
question 4. Which statement is true?
- If you wear a face mask, you can never get infected.
- It is best to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds.
- A & B
Right answer question 4: B
Explanation: Not all kinds of face masks are able to protect against the virus. Most face masks that you can buy are not suitable. Besides, if you have the correct one, you can’t touch it and have to replace it every 2 hours. Make sure you buy them from a reliable supplier that can ensure that the face masks are suitable for protection against this virus.
It is recommended to wash your hands thoroughly for a longer period of time. You can keep track of the time by, for example, singing “Happy Birthday”. In any case, make sure that all parts of the hand (including between the fingers and under the nails) are sufficiently washed. Also, wash them regularly.
question 5. Who has a higher health risk when infected with the virus?
- Babies and young children
- The elderly and lung patients
- Pregnant women
Right answer question 5: B
Explanation: The older the patient is, the greater the health risk. People with lung diseases (such as asthma and COPD) also form a risk group. It has not yet been shown that pregnant women have a higher risk of miscarriage or something similar.
question 6. When is best to get tested for the virus?
- If you suffer from a cold
- If you have a fever (over 38.0 degrees Celsius) and have difficulty breating
Right answer question 6: C
Explanation: It is better to keep your distance from other people (for example by working at home) if you have mild symptoms and have been in contact with an infected patient or have been in a risk area. If the symptoms get worse, it’s best to call a doctor (and not go to a doctor first).
question 7. What are the symptoms of the disease?
- Watery eyes
- Coughing, fever and difficulty breathing or pneumonia
- A swollen tongue and red bumps
Right answer question 7: B
Explanation: Many symptoms of the coronavirus are the same as those of other viruses. This makes it difficult to determine on the basis of symptoms whether an infection with the virus has occurred. However, sick patients mainly have lung complaints, such as difficulty breathing and coughing.
question 8. What can you do to increase your resistance to the virus?
- Eat healthy and exercise
- Take enough rest and wear clothing that keeps you warm
- A & B
Right answer question 8: C
Explanation: Since the coronavirus is a virus, good resistance is important. The use of certain medication and some diseases can lower your resistance. Eat enough vegetables and fruit for the vitamins they contain (especially vitamin C and D3 are important), exercise if possible, take enough rest and make sure you don’t get too cold.
question 9. Which statement is NOT true?
- About 80% of patients recover within a few days.
- Young people hardly ever die of this virus.
- Most of people over 80 do not survive the disease.
Right answer question 9: C
Explanation: Only one in five people who get infected suffer from severe symptoms, such as breathing difficulty or pneumonia. These are mainly elderly people. It is estimated that about 15% of people over 80 die from the virus. In total, the risk of death is 2%. Although, some researchers argue that these figures are lower, since not all people with mild symptoms are registered.
question 10. Does it matter how you cough or sneeze?
- Opinions differ on this subject.
Right answer question 10: B
Explanation: It is advised to cough and sneeze on the inside of your elbow, or in paper tissues that you immediately throw away after use.
question 11. When is a good time to panic?
- If you have come into contact with someone who appears to be infected.
- If you have symptoms of the disease.
Right answer question 11: C
Explanation: Never panic. If everyone panicked, the situation wouldn’t get better but worse: products would get sold out, care providers would be overburdened and less attention could be paid to those who need the most help. Be on your guard instead, be hygienic and watch your health. Only contact a doctor if necessary (and by phone first).
For the most recent information, please check: https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses